Melasma is chronic and relapsing hyperpigmentation in the face, that occurs mainly in patients with dark skin. Melasma occurs most commonly between the ages of 20 and 30, in patients from South America, North and sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
HOW TO TREAT YOUR MELASMA ?
The causes of melasma are multiple: genetic factors, hormones, visible light, ultraviolet rays. There are different available treatments for melasma which requires a multimodal approach with a focus on skin lightening and improving the vascular component.
Here is a non-exhaustive list of available treatments against melasma. It is important to understand the melasma is a chronic and relapsing condition for which there is currently no cure :
- Strict broad-spectrum sun protection with SPF 50 cream
- Creams containing hydroquinone (gold standard) as well as tranexamic acid, retinoids,
azaleic acid, kojic acid and many others.
- Oral tranexamic acid has been shown, in recent studies, to be efficient in treating melasma.
- Chemical peels
Care should be taken with laser treatments and chemical peels which can produce good results initially but can lead to post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) that exacerbates melasma, especially in darker skin types who constitute the majority of patients suffering from melasma. A medical consultation is necessary in order to decide on the best treatment.
SP DYNAMIS PRO LASER
The SP Dynamis Pro laser from Fotona is a state-of-the-art, innovative and high-
performance laser using 2 complementary wavelengths:
• Erbium-YAG (superficial penetration), used for superficial treatments such as laser peels, the treatment of benign superficial lesions and the treatment of scars and acne.
The treatment performed using the Dermapen 4 device is called
“microneedling”. It involves making micro-perforations in the skin to restore its vitality.